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Basic Word List

A  a B  b G  g D  d E  e Z  z H  h Q  q I  i K  k L  l M  m
N  n C  c O  o P  p R  r S  s T  t U  u F  f X  x Y  y W  w

 

A a a!lfa alpha  
a)gaqo&j -h& -o&n good
a!ggeloj  o(  messenger
a)gge/llw  h!ggeila I announce
a)gora&  h(  market-place
a)goreu&w I proclaim, speak
a)gro&j, a!grioj field, wild
a!gw  h!gagon I lead, bring
a)gw&n  a)gw~noj  o(  contest, trial
a)delfo&j, a)delfh&  brother, sister
a)diki/a  h(  injustice
a!dikoj -on wrong, unjust
a)dike/w I am unjust, do wrong
a)du&natoj -on impossible
a)ei/  always
  0Aqhnai=oj (ai9  0Aqh=nai)                Athenian (Athens)
a}qlon  to&  (prize of) contest
ai[ma  to&  blood
ai9re/w  ei[lon (e9l-) I take (mid. I choose)
ai1rw  h]ra I lift up
ai0sqa&nomai  h)|sqo&mhn I perceive, notice
ai0sxro&j -a& -o&n ugly, disgraceful
ai0sxu&nomai I am ashamed
ai0te/w  h1|thsa I ask (for)
ai0ti/a  h( reason, cause
ai0tia&omai I accuse
ai1tioj -a -on responsible, guilty
ai0xma&lwtoj  o( prisoner
a)kou&w I hear, listen
a)lh&qeia  h( truth
a)lhqh&j -e/j true
a)llh&louj each other
a!lloj ... a!lloj one ... another
a#ma (tini) at the same time (as + dat.)
a#maca  h( wagon
a(marta&nw  h#rmaton I err, miss (+ gen)
a)mei/nwn, a!ristoj better, best
a)mu&nw, a)mu&nomai I beat back, withstand
a!mfw both
a)nagka&zw, a)nagkai=oj I compel, necessary
a)na&gkh  h( necessity
a!nemoj  o( wind
a)nh&r  a)ndro&j  o( man, husband
a)ndrei=oj -a -on brave, manly
a!nqrwpoj  o( man, human
a)noi/gnumi  a)ne/w|ca I open
a!cioj -a -on worthy of
a)cio&w I expect, claim
a#paj (pa~j) all, the whole of
a)pata&w I deceive
a!peimi I am absent
a!peiroj -on inexperienced in (+ gen)
a)poqnh&|skw  a)pe/qanon I die, am killed
a)pokri/nomai I answer
a)pore/w I am at a loss
a)pori/a  h( perplexity, lack of provisions
a#ptomai (tinoj) I touch (+ gen)
a)rgu&rion  to& silver, money
a)reth&  h( virtue, excellence
a)riqmo&j  o( number
a)ristero&j left, on the left
a)rxh&  h( beginning, government
a!rxw I begin, I rule
a)sqenh&j -e/j weak, without strength
a)spi/j  a)spi/doj  h( shield
a!stu  a)ste/wj  to& town
a)sfalh&j -e/j unfailing, trusty, steadfast
au], au]qij again, moreover
au)ca&nw I increase, (mid. grow)
au!rion tomorrow
a)fikne/omai  a)fiko&mhn I arrive

`

B b bh~ta beta      
bai/nw  e1bhn I go, come, walk
ba&llw  e1balon throw, pelt
ba&rbaroj  o( barbarian, non-Greek
baqu&j -ei=a -u& deep
baru&j -ei=a -u& heavy
braxu&j -ei=a -u& short, brief
basileu&j -e/wj  o( king
bi/a  h( force, violence
bi/bloj  h( book
bi/oj  o( life, livelihood
bla&ptw I hurt, harm
ble/pw I look (at)
boa/w I shout (for)
bo&h  h( shout
bohqe/w (tini) I help (+ dat)
bouleu&w I give counsel
boulh&  h( council
bou&lomai I want, wish
bou~j, boo&j  o( bull, ox

 

G g ga&mma gamma      
game/w I marry
gamo&j  o( marriage
gennai=oj -a -on noble, fine
ge/noj  ge/nouj  to& race, family
ge/rwn  ge/rontoj  o( old man
ge/fura  h( bridge
gi/gnomai  e0geno&mhn I become, (it) happens
gignw&skw  e1gnwn I recognise, know
gluku&j -ei=a -u& sweet
glw~ssa  h( tongue, language
gnw&mh  h& judgement, plan
gra&fw I write, draw
gra&mma  to& letter, line
gra&mmata letters, alphabet
gumno&j -h& -on naked
gunh&  gunaiko&j  h( woman, wife

 

D d de/lta delta      
dai/mwn  dai/monoj  o( god, spirit
dakru&w I weep
de/doika I fear
dei/knumi  e1deica I show
deilo&j -h& -o&n vile, cowardly
deino&j -h& -o&n terrible, strange, clever
deipne/w I dine
dei=pnon  to& evening meal
de/ndron  to& tree
decio&j -a& -o&n right, on the right
desmw&thj  o( prisoner, captive
despo&thj  o( master
de/xomai I receive
de/w, de/omai / dei= I need; it is necessary
dh=loj -h -on clear, obvious
dhlo&w I show, reveal
dh=moj  o( people, deme
dh&pou of course, surely
diale/gomai (tini) I converse with (+ dat.)
dianoe/omai I intend, plan
dia&noia  h( intention, thinking
diafqei/rw  die/fqeira I destroy
dida&skw  dida&skomai I teach (mid. learn)
di/dwmi  e1dwka I give, grant
di/kh  h( justice, lawsuit, penalty
di/kaioj -a -on just
diw&kw I pursue, prosecute
doke/w, dokei= I seem, it seems (right)
do&ca  h( reputation, opinion
dou~loj  o( slave
doulo&w,  douleu&w I enslave,  I am a slave
du&namai I am able
du&namij  h(, power,
dunato&j -h -on possible, able
dw~ron  to& gift, bribe

 

E e e2 yilo&n epsilon      
e0a&w  ei!asa I allow
)e0gei/rw  e0gei/romai I rouse (mid. wake up)
e0qe/lw I wish, want
e1qnoj  e1qnouj  to& nation, tribe, people
ei0mi/ I am           (ei]nai to be)
ei]mi I shall go   (i0e/nai to go)
ei0rh&nh  h( peace
e3kastoj -h -on each
e0kei=noj -h -o he, she, that
e0kklhsi/a  h( assembly
e9kw&n -ou~sa -o&n willing(ly)
e0la&sswn  e0la&xistoj less, least
e0lau&nw I drive, beat
e0leu&qeroj -a -on free
e0leuqero&w I set free
  9Ella&j  9Ella&doj  h( Hellas (Greece)
  3Ellhn   3Ellhnoj  o( Hellene (Greek)
e0lpi/j  e0lpi/doj  h( hope, expectation
e0lpi/zw I hope, expect
e0nanti/oj -a -on opposite
e0niauto&j  o( year
e0paine/w I praise
e1peita, ei]ta then, next
e0pilanqa&nomai I forget (+ gen.)
e0pisth&mh  h( knowledge
e0pi/stamai I know (how to, that/)
e0pith&deia  ta& provisions
e3pomai (tini) I follow (+ dat.)
e1poj  e1pouj  to& word
e0ra&w I love, am in love with (+ gen.)
e1rwj  to& love
e1rgon  to& task, job
e0rga&zomai I work, perform
e1rxomai  h}lqon I come
e0rwta&w  h)ro&mhn I ask (a question)
e9spe/ra  h( evening, west
e9tai=roj  o( companion
e3teroj -a -on one (or other) of two
e1ti still, yet
e1toimoj -h -on ready (to) (+ inf.)
e1toj  e1touj  to& year
eu} well
eu)daimoni/a  h( prosperity, happiness
eu)dai/mwn happy
eu)qu&j at once
eu(ri/skw  hu{ron I find, discover
eu)ru&j -ei=a -u& broad, wide
e0xqro&j  o( enemy
e1xw  ei]xon  e1sxon I have
e1wj until, while

 

Z z zh~ta zeta      
za&w I live, am alive
zhmi/a  h( penalty, fine
zhte/w I look for, seek
zw&h life
zw&|on animal, living creature

 

H h h}ta eta      
h(gemw&n  o( leader
h(ge/omai I lead (+ dat.); believe
h!dh now, already, by now
h3domai  h3sqhn I enjoy, am pleased with
h(donh&  h( pleasure
h(du&j -ei=a  u& pleasant
h}qoj  h}qouj  to& custom, behaviour
h3kista least
h3kw I come
h3lioj  o( sun
h(me/ra  h( day
h!peiroj  h( mainland
h(suxai=oj -a -on quiet, at rest
h(suxa&zw I am still, keep quiet
h(suxi/a  h( rest, quiet
h(ssa&omai I give way, am defeated
h3sswn less, weaker

 

Q q qh~ta theta      
qa&lamoj  o( bedroom
qa&lassa  h( sea
qa&natoj  o( death
qa&ptw I bury
qa&sswn  ta&xistoj quicker, quickest
qau~ma  to& wonder, surprise
qauma&zw I am surprised, wonder at
qea&omai  qewre/w I look at, watch
qeo&j  o(, h( god
qea&  h( goddess
qerapeu&w I look after, tend
qera&pwn  o( servant
qe/roj  qe/rouj  to& summer
qh&r  o( (wild) animal
quga&thr  h( daughter
qumo&j  o(,  a)qume/w heart,  I am downhearted
qu&rai  ai9 (double) doors
qu&w I sacrifice

 

I i i0w~ta iota      
i0atro&j  o( doctor
i9ero&j -a& -o&n holy, sacred
i3hmi  ei[ka I let go, send
i9kano&j -n& -o&n sufficient, able to
i9keteu&w I beg, supplicate
i9ke/thj  o( supplicant
i3ppoj  o(, h( horse
i3sthmi  e1sthka e1sthn set up, stand
i0sxuro&j -a* -o&n strong
i1soj, i1swj perhaps

 

K k ka&ppa kappa      
ka&qhmai I am seated
kaqi/zw, kaqi/zomai I sit down
kaino&j -h& -o&n new, fresh
kairo&j o( the right time
kako&j -h& -o&n bad, evil, cowardly
kale/w I call, invite
kalo&j -h& -o&n beautiful, fine, noble
kardi/a  h( heart
karpo&j  o( fruit, profit
kei=mai I lie, am placed
keleu&w I order
kefalh&  h( head
kh~ruc  kh&rukoj  o( herald
kinduneu&w I am in danger
ki/ndunoj  o( danger
kine/w I move, set in motion
ki/nhsij  h( movement
kle/ptw I steal
kola&zw I punish
koino&n  to& the treasury
koino&j common
komi/zw I fetch, bring
ko&roj  o(,  korh&  h( boy, girl
krate/w I hold power (over)
kra&toj  to& strength, power
kri/nw I decide
kri/sij  h( judgement, decision
krith&j  o( judge
kru&ptw I hide, conceal
kta&omai I acquire, get
ktei/nw I kill
kth~ma to& possession
kubernh&thj  o( captain, pilot
ku&wn  kuno&j  o( dog
kwlu&w I prevent
kw&mh  h( village

 

L l la&mbda lambda      
lamba&nw  e1labon I take, capture
lanqa&nw  e1laqon I escape notice of
le/gw  ei]pon  (ei0p-) I speak, say, tell, mean
lei/pw  e1lipon I leave, abandon
le/wn  o( lion
li/qoj  o(  stone
limh&n  o( harbour
lo&goj  o( speech, word, reason
lou&w  lou&omai I wash (mid. -myself)
lupe&w I vex, annoy (mid. grieve)
lu&ph  h( pain, grief
lu&w I loose, release

 

M m mu~ mu      
maqo&j to&  [poet. and Ion. for ma&qhsij] learning, knowledge
mai/nomai I rage, am mad
makro&j -a& -o&n long
ma&la very, quite
ma~llon  h!  more (than)
ma&lista especially, yes
mani/a  h( madness
math&n in vain
ma&xh  h( fight, battle
ma&xomai  e0maxesa&mhn I fight
me/gaj  mega&lh  me/ga great, big, tall
mei/zwn  -on greater
me/gistoj  -h  -on greatest
me/llw I am about to, I intend
me/mnhmai (tinoj) I remember (+ gen.)
me/roj  me/rouj  to& share, part
me/nw  e1meina I remain, wait for
me/soj, me/trioj middle, moderate
mise/w I hate
mh&thr  mh&troj  h( mother
mhxana&omai I devise, contrive
mhxanh&  h( device, plan, machine
mikro&j  -a&  -o&n small, little
misqo&j  o( pay
mnh&mh  h( memory
mo&noj -a -on,   mono&w alone,  I abandon
mu~qoj  o( story, myth
mw~roj  -a -on stupid, foolish

 

N n nu~ nu      
nau~j  new&j  h( ship
nau&thj  o( sailor
nautiko&n  to& navy, fleet
neani/aj  o( young man
nekro&j  o( corpse
ne/mw  e1neima distribute, assign
nh~soj  h( island
nika&w I win, defeat
ni/kh  h( victory, conquest
nomi/zw  (o#ti) I think (that), believe it
no&moj  o( law, convention
noe/w I think, plan
nose/w I am sick
no&soj  h(  illness, plague
nou~j  o( mind, intelligence
nu&c  nukto&j  h( night

 

C c ci= xi      
ceni/zw I receive as a guest
ce/noj  o( foreigner, guest, host
ci/foj  to& sword
cu&lon  to& (piece of) wood, timber

 

O o o@ mikro&n omicron      
o(do&j  h(  road, way
oi]da I know
oi0ke/thj  o( house-slave
oi0ke/w I dwell, live in
oi0ki/a  h( house
oi]koj  o( house, household
oi]mai I think
o)li/goj -h -on small, few (in plural)
o!llumi  w!lesa  w)lo&mhn I destroy, kill (mid. perish)
o#loj -h -on whole of
o!mnumi  w!mesa I swear
o!mma  to& eye
o#pla  ta& weapons, arms
o(pli/zw I arm
o(pli/thj  o( heavy-armed foot soldier
o(ra&w  ei]don  (i0d-) I see
o)rgh&  h( anger
o)rgi/zw  o)rgi/zomai I grow angry with (+ dat.)
o(rma&w I hasten, set off, start
o!roj  o!rouj  to& mountain, hill
o#roj  o( boundary (stone)
o)rqo&j -h& -o&n straight, correct, right
ou)rano&j  o( sky, heavens
ou#tw(j) thus, so, in this way

 

P p pi= pi      
pa&qoj, pa&qouj  to&  suffering
paideu&w I bring up (child), teach
pai/zw I play, joke at
pai=j  paido&j  o( child, slave
pa&lai long ago
pa&lin back, again
paraskeua&zw I prepare, equip
pa&reimi I am present
pare/xw I offer, provide
pa~j  pa~sa  pa~n all, the whole
pa&sxw  e1paqon I suffer, experience
path&r  patro&j  o( father
patri/j  patri/doj  h( native land
pau&w I stop
pedi/on  to& the plain
pei/qw I persuade
pei/qomai (tini) I  obey (+dat.), believe in
peira&omai I test, try
pe/mpw I send
pe/tra  h( (fixed)rock 
pi/nw  e1pion I drink
pi/ptw  e1peson I fall
pisteu&w (tini) I trust (+dat.)
pi/stij  h( trust, conviction
pisto&j -h& -o&n reliable, faithful
ple/w I sail
plh~qoj  to& large number, crowd
ploi=on  to& boat
plou~j  o( voyage
plou&sioj -a -on rich, wealthy
plou~toj  o( wealth, riches
pneu~ma  to& wind, spirit
poie/w I make, do
poih&thj  o( poet
poimh&n  poime/noj  o( shepherd
pole/mioi  oi9 enemy
po&lemoj war
poliorke/w I besiege, blockade
po&lij  po&lewj  h( city, city-state
poli/thj  o( citizen
polu&j  pollh&  polu& much, many
pone/w I toil, labour
ponhro&j -a& -o&n wicked
po&noj  o( (hard) work, toil
poreu&omai I march, travel
pori/zw I provide
potamo&j  o( river
pou~j  podo&j  o( foot
pra~gma  to& thing, matter, affair
pra&ssw I effect, make, manage
pre/sbuj  o( old man (pl. ambassadors)
pro&teron,  prw~toj formerly,  first
pukno&j -h& -o&n thick, solid
pu&lai  ai9 gates (of town)
punqa&nomai  e0puqo&mhn I learn, hear about
pu~r  puro&j  to& fire
pwle/w I sell

 

R r r(w~ rho      
r(a&|dioj -a -on easy
r(e/w I flow, run
r(h&twr  o( orator
r(i/ptw  e1rriya I throw
r(o&don  to& rose

 

S s si/gma sigma      
safh&j  -e/j clear
selh&nh  h( moon
sh&meron today
siga&w I am quite
sigh&  h( silence
si/dhroj  o( iron
si=toj  o(  (ta& si=ta) grain, bread, food
skeu&h  h( gear, tackle
skh&nh  h( tent, stage
ski/a  h(  shadow
sko&toj  o( darkness
sofi/a  h(  wisdom
sofi/sthj  o( sophist, clever man
sofo&j -h& -o&n wise, clever
speu&dw I hurry
spondai/  ai9 treaty, truce
sponde/w I make a truce
spoudh&  h( zeal, haste, seriousness
ste/llw  e1steila I send
ste/fanoj  o(  crown, garland
sto&ma  to& mouth
strato&j  o( army
strathge/w I am a general
strathgo&j  o( general
stratiw&thj  o( soldier
stratopedeu&omai I encamp
summaxo&j  o( ally
sumfora&  h( disaster
sw&|zw I save, keep safe
sw~ma,  sw&matoj  to& body
swth&r  o( saviour
swthri/a  h( safety
swfrosu&nh  h(  moderation, self-control
sw&frwn -on sensible, self-controlled

 

T t tau~ tau      
ta&cij  h( order, battle-array
tara&ssw I trouble
ta&ssw I arrange, put in order
tau~roj  o( bull
ta&foj  o(  tomb
taxu&j -ei=a -u& quick, fast
teixi/zw I wall, fortify
tei=xoj  tei/xouj  to& wall (of city)
te/knon  to& child
te/kontej  oi9 parents
tele/w I finish
te/loj  o( end, aim
te/xnh  h( skill, art, expertise
ti/qhmi  e1qhka I put, place
tima&w I honour, value
timh&  h( honour
timwre/w I revenge
tolma&w I dare, undertake
to&con  to& bow
toco&thj  o( archer
to&poj  o( place
tre/pw I turn
tre/xw  e1dramon I run
tro&paion  to& trophy
tro&poj  o( way, manner
tugxa&nw  e1tuxon I chance on, hit (+ gen.)
tu&xh  h( chance, good/bad luck
tu&rannoj  o( ruler, tyrant
tu&ptw I beat, strike

 

U u u] yilo&n upsilon      
u(bri/zw I treat insultingly
u3brij  h( insult, arrogance
u3dwr  u3datoj  to& water
ui9oj  o( son
u3lh  h( wood, forest, timber
u(piskne/omai  u(pesxo&mhn I promise to (+ fut. inf.)
u3pnoj  o( sleep
u(yhlo&j high, lofty

 

F f fi= phi      
fai/nw, fai/nomai I show (mid. seem)
fe/rw  h!negka I carry, endure
feu&gw  e1fugon I flee
fhmi/ I say
fqone/w I am jealous, begrudge
fqo&noj  o( ill-will, envy
file/w I love, kiss, like to
fi/loj  o( friend
fobe/omai I fear
fo&boj  o( fear
fu&lac  fu&lakoj  o( guard
fula&ssw I guard
fu&sij  h( nature, character
fu&w I am born, grow
fwnh&  h( voice, language, speech

 

X x xi= chi      
xai/rw I rejoice
xalepo&j -h& -o&n difficult, hard
xalko&j  o( bronze
xa&rij  xa&ritoj  h( thanks, grace, favour
xeimw&n  xeimw~noj  o( winter, storm
xei/r  xeiro&j  h( hand
xqe/j yesterday
xra&omai I use, employ (+ dat.)
xrh&  e1xrhn it is necessary
xrh~ma to& thing (pl. money, possessions)
xrh&simoj -h -on useful, profitable
xrhsto&j -h& -o&n serviceable
xro&noj  o( time
xruso&j  o( gold
xw&ra  (xw&rh)  h( land
xwre/w I go, come

 

Y y yi= psi      
yeudh&j -e/j false, lying
yeu&dw I lie, deceive,
yo&foj  o( sound, noise

 

W w w} me/ga omega      
w)ne/omai I buy
w#ra  h( hour, season
w(j as, as if, so that
w#sper like, as if
w)fele/w I help, am of use
w)feli/moj -h -on useful, profitable

 

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