PHP 3, PHP 4. https:// since PHP 4.3.0
Allows read-only access to files/resources via HTTP 1.0, using the HTTP GET method. A Host: header is sent with the request to handle name-based virtual hosts. If you have configured a user_agent string using your ini file or the stream context, it will also be included in the request.
Redirects have been supported since PHP 4.0.5; if you are using an earlier version you will need to include trailing slashes in your URLs. If it's important to know the url of the resource where your document came from (after all redirects have been processed), you'll need to process the series of response headers returned by the stream.
The stream allows access to the body of the resource; the headers are stored in the $http_response_header variable. Since PHP 4.3.0, the headers are available using stream_get_meta_data().
HTTP connections are read-only; you cannot write data or copy files to an HTTP resource.
Note: HTTPS is supported starting from PHP 4.3.0, if you have compiled in support for OpenSSL.
Table I-2. Wrapper Summary
|Restricted by allow_url_fopen.||Yes|
|Allows Simultaneous Reading and Writing||N/A|
Table I-3. Context options (as of PHP 5.0.0)
|method||GET, POST, or any other HTTP method supported by the remote server.||GET|
|header||Additional headers to be sent during request. Values in this option will override other values (such as User-agent:, Host:, and Authentication:).|
|user_agent||Value to send with User-Agent: header. This value will only be used if user-agent is not specified in the header context option above.||php.ini setting: user_agent|
|content||Additional data to be sent after the headers. Typically used with POST or PUT requests.|
|proxy||URI specifying address of proxy server. (e.g. tcp://proxy.example.com:5100 ).|
Underlying socket stream context options: Additional context options may be supported by the underlying transport For http:// streams, refer to context options for the tcp:// transport. For https:// streams, refer to context options for the ssl:// transport.