This course aims:
- to consider some more general models for mortality,
- to introduce life insurance policies,
- to introduce and develop the calculation of premiums,
- to introduce and develop the calculation of policy values.
- Selection and select life tables,
- actuarial functions using ultimate and select life tables,
- net and gross premiums,
- equations of value,
- impaired lives,
- with-profits policies,
- expenses and bonuses,
- net and gross premium policy values,
- recursive relationship between policy values.
Course Description: Link to Official Course Descriptor.
Location: Edinburgh, Malaysia.
Learning Outcomes: Subject Mastery
By the end of the course students should be able to:
- demonstrate an understanding of select mortality rates;
- construct a select-life mortality table;
- derive financial functions for non-select and select lives;
- express the variance of the present value of a stream of payments in terms of compound interest and life table functions, and evaluate the expression;
- describe (for a single life) the cash flows implied by pure endowments, level annuities, level whole life, endowment, and term assurances;
- derive expressions for the present value and accumulation of the contracts described above;
- calculate financial functions for benefits payable more frequently than annually;
- list the types of expenses incurred in writing a life insurance contract;
- describe the different types of bonus on a with-profits contract;
- calculate net and gross premiums for different types of life insurance and annuity contracts;
- describe how reserves arise, under long-term insurance contracts covering mortality risk;
- define the policy value as the expected future loss, and calculate the net and gross policy values for non-profit and with-profits contracts;
- derive the recursive relationship between policy values at different durations, and use it to calculate policy values at non-integer durations.
- Explain the concept of a survival model.
- Derive the survival function from the definition of a random variable measuring the time until exit from a population.
- Use the survival function to evaluate probabilities of events defined in terms of the time until exit.
- Show how a survival table for integer values of x can be constructed using discrete rates of decrement.
- Define the probability of survival, the radix of a single decrement table, and the survivorship group at duration t.
- Define and develop relationships between the life functions l, q, p, d, mu and the expectation of life.
- Describe the typical shapes of the curves for q, l and mu for human mortality.
- Define the concepts of uniform distribution of decrements and a constant hazard rate, and use them to derive certain approximate relationships.
- Write down expressions in terms of life table functions for the probability function of the curtate future lifetime and also the probability density function of the complete future lifetime of a life subject to a given life table.
- Write down expressions in terms of simple life table functions for the mean and the variance of both the curtate and the complete future lifetime of a life subject to a given life table and evaluate these expressions in simple cases.
- Formulae and Tables for Actuarial Examinations (Yellow Tables)
- Actuarial Mathematics for Life Contingent Risks by Dickson, Hardy and Waters.
Assessment Methods: Due to covid, assessment methods for Academic Year 2021/22 may vary from those noted on the official course descriptor. Please see:
- Maths (F1) Course Weightings 2021/22
- Computer Science (F2) Course Weightings 2021/22
- AMS (F7) Course Weightings 2021/22
SCQF Level: 10.
Help: If you have any problems or questions regarding the course, you are encouraged to contact the course leader.
Canvas: further information and course materials are available on Canvas